Underwriters Laboratories (UL)

UL 910: Test for Flame-Propagation and Smoke-Density Values for Electrical and Optical-Fiber Cables Used in Spaces Transporting Environmental Air

UL 1581: Reference Standard for Electrical Wires, Cables, and Flexible Cords

UL 1666: Test for Flame Propagation Height of Electrical and Optical-Fiber Cables Installed Vertically in Shafts

National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)

NEMA RN 1: Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Externally Coated Galvanized Rigid Steel Conduit and Intermediate Metal Conduit

NEMA TC 3: PVC Fittings for Use with Rigid PVC Conduit and Tubing

NEMA TC 6: PVC and ABS Plastic Utilities Duct for Underground Installation

NEMA TC 8: Extra Strength PVC Plastic Utilities Duct for Underground Installation

NEMA TC 9: Fittings for ABS and PVC Plastic Utilities Duct for Underground Installation

NEMA TC 13: Electrical Nonmetallic Tubing

NEMA TC 19: Nonmetallic Riser U-Type Guards

NEMA 250: Enclosures for Electrical Equipment

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

Refer to ASTM Committee D09 on Electrical and Electronic Insulating Materials.

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)

NFPA 70: National Electrical Code

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

ANSI A13.1: Scheme for the Identification of Piping Systems


"Full-Scale UK Fire Tests of LAN Data Communications Cables Used in Concealed-Space Applications," The Loss Prevention Council Fire Safety Seminar, February 20, 1998

"Vinyl - An Enlightening Look at the 50-Year History of the World's Leading Electrical Material," Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, December 1991

"Effects of Accelerated and Natural Ageing on Plasticized Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)," Jakubowicz et al, 1999