Bibliography

Standards

American Society for Testing and Materials

ASTM D 1785–94: Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80, and 120

ASTM D 2564–93: Specification for Solvent Cements for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Piping Systems

ASTM D 2672–94: Specification for Joints for IPS PVC Pipe Using Solvent Cement

ASTM D 2846–93: Specification for Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Hot- and Cold-Water Distribution Systems

ASTM D 2855–93: Practice for Making Solvent-Cemented Joints with Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and Fittings

ASTM D 3138–93: Specification for Solvent Cements for Transition Joints between Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) and Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Non-Pressure Piping Components

ASTM F 477–93: Specification for Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe

ASTM F 493–93a: Specification for Solvent Cements for Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe and Fittings

ASTM F 656–93: Specification for Primers for Use in Solvent Cement Joints of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe and Fittings

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASME A13.1–81 (Revised 1985): Scheme for the Identification of Piping Systems

ASME B1.20.1–83 (Revised 1992): Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)

ASME B16.21–92: Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges

ASME B18.2.1–81 (Revised 1992): Square and Hex Bolts and Screws—Inch Series

Model Codes

Building Officials & Code Administrators International. BOCA National Building Codes. Country Club Hills, IL: BOCA, 1996. (4051 West Flossmoor Rd., Country Club Hills, IL 60478–5795; 708–799–2300)

International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials. Uniform Plumbing Code. Walnut, CA: IAPMO, 1994. (20001 Walnut Dr. South, Walnut, CA 91789–2825; 909–595–8449)

International Code Council. International Mechanical, Plumbing, and Private Sewage Disposal Codes. ICC, 1995. (These codes are a joint venture between Building Officials & Code Administrators International, International Conference of Building Officials, and Southern Building Code Congress International.)

International Conference of Building Officials. Uniform Building Codes. Whittier, CA: ICBO, 1994. (5360 Workman Mill Rd., Whittier, CA 90601; 310–699–0541)

References

Process Emissions for Vinyl Pipe Industry, Journal of Vinyl & Additive Technology, September, 1996.

PVC vs. Copper, Domestic Hot & Cold Water Systems, A Cost/Benefit Comparison, conducted by IFT Technical Services, Berkeley, California, for the Vinyl Institute, July, 1990.

PVC Drain, Waste and Vent Pipe vs. Cast Iron Soil Pipe, A Cost/Benefit Comparison, conducted by IFT Technical Services, Berkeley, California, for the Vinyl Institute, July, 1990.

PVC Pipe and Drinking Water Safety, the Vinyl Institute, July, 1991.

Comparison of Noise Radiated From 75 mm Drain Pipes, conducted by Howe Gastmeier Chapnik Ltd., Mississauga, Ontario, for IPEX, Inc., February, 1999.

Waste Pipe Noise Evaluation, conducted by J.J. Van Houten and Associates, Anaheim, California, for Pacific Western Extruded Plastics Company, July, 1991.

Plastic Piping in the Built Environment, The Modern, State-of-the-Art Choice for Plumbing Systems, Information Guide, The Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association, Glen Ellyn, Illinois.

Plastic Pipe in Fire Resistive Construction, The Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association, Glen Ellyn, Illinois, Copyright 1997.

The Growing World of Plastic Piping, A Listing of Common Applications of Plastic Piping Systems Covered by National Consensus Standards, The Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association, Glen Ellyn, Illinois, Fourth Edition, 1997.

Thawing Thermoplastic Water Pipes, Bulletin 10-83, The Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association, Glen Ellyn, Illinois.

Crush Strength and Flexibility of Thermoplastic Piping, Bulletin 1-80, The Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association, Glen Ellyn, Illinois.

Hydrostatic Strengths and Suggested Pressure Ratings for CPVC 4120 at Various Temperatures, Bulletin 2-80, The Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association, Glen Ellyn, Illinois.

Pressure Rating of PVC Plastic Piping for Water at Elevated Temperatures, Bulletin 3, The Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association, Glen Ellyn, Illinois.

Installation Handbook: CPVC Hot & Cold Water Piping, The Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association, Glen Ellyn, Illinois, Copyright 1997.

Economic Comparison of Vinyl Building Products Compared to "Traditional" Materials used for Siding, Windows and Plumbing, conducted by Marquest Consulting, for the Vinyl Institute, August, 1996.